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trucha

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About trucha

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    I work for the plants.

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  1. trucha

    Moving slowly forward

    https://www.oaklandhyphae510.com/post/oakland-hyphae-presents-the-spring-2021-psilocybin-cup-final-results
  2. trucha

    Spontaneous variegation?

    Variegation and monstrose growth spontaneously show up in large collections that include other variegated and monstrose plants. This is what underlies the suggestion some sort of minor pathogen is responsible for both phenomenon. I'm not aware of anyone ever identifying an actual culprit though so I still keep that proposal in the "interesting if true" category..
  3. trucha

    Bridge cactus disease! Help D:

    It does not really look like a disease. Something appears to be eating your cactus. Try going out in the middle of the light with a flashlight and seeing what you can find. It might take several attempts.
  4. trucha

    Matucana Pachanoi seeds and clones

    I stumbled across something interesting wrt this subject. Moderators please edit or delete this if it crossed any lines. From Ossato et al. 2017. Trichocereus pachanoi - Quando la globalizzazione minaccia la tradizione. http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/16780/1/Trichocereuspachanoi- Ossato Canazza Polia Marti.pdf Translated from Italian with google translate Among the cacti to which the generic name of "sanpedro" or "achuma" applies, the curandero chooses the "Sanpedro legítimo", the species with tiny spines (Properly the Trichocereus pachanoi Britton & Rose). Species with longer spines and reaching greater heights, known as "gigantón" or "aguacolla", due to their reduced psychotropic power they are considered "palos cobardes: cowardly cacti". Sanpedro is also known by the name of "huando", derived from the verb Quechua wantay, "to bring on the shoulders ”and referring to the power of the plant. However, although both species of Trichocereus enjoy a conspicuous amount of hallucinogenic active ingredients, the species most used in divination practices, remains the Trichocerus pachanoi (the legitimate sanpedro), a name that the shamans of the area invoke referring to the "powerful sanpedro that holds the keys of Paradise "or in Quechua language," achuma ", probably related to the term" kachum ", or cucumber. In fact, even today the cactus is called "achumo" or "achuma" in reference to the fact that the curanderos (the Peruvian Maestros) use the thornless variety for their divination and therapeutic practices.
  5. trucha

    Matucana Pachanoi seeds and clones

    It took Bode four years to get his analysis done and this was among the last. I am not suggesting it is not a good choice of a plant to grow but there is actually no reason to think it is particularly special assuming it is being compared with something else in or from Peru that looks just like it. It would have been interesting to look at them soon after arrival. The dark storage idea has actually been around for longer. It came out of Peru but I don't know the actual origin.
  6. trucha

    Matucana Pachanoi seeds and clones

    Weberbauerocereus macrostibas (a plant seeing many name changes) or some species close to that, and Armatocereus laetus. A year in the mail and disease claimed their lives before anything could be learned. The first had visible mold growing in it when it arrived. I came to the belief that the person putting that first set together did so based on the literature and did so with commercial intentions rather than based on actual knowledge. i.e. Caycho Jimenez's dead-end claim and Wade Davis' unsubstantiated account, respectively. Details of what could be learned so far is in the book Cactus chemistry by species. It's not in print but a pdf can found at troutsnotes.com.
  7. trucha

    Matucana Pachanoi seeds and clones

    Names circulating with clones can be troublesome. If that pachanoi originated in the wild near Matucana a hybrid would seem likely but it was more likely brought there as live material from elsewhere. It is a representative of what is often considered a desirable pachanoi as can be found elsewhere and there is no reason to think plants that match this are just as desirable. Here are some old historical history that might be helpful if anyone is not aware of its origin. The first one is a photo from Geronimo showing that smooth pachanoi along with 4 other "san pedros". This is what started my looking into asking how to get one of each. The next photo was part of what Kitzu wqas sharing while we were discussing these and the question of how to get them into the US. The cropped strip shows what arrived after a year tangle with the post office (they shipped with no IDs, labelling or phytosanitary and arrived showing disease so it was lucky we managed to get them) The pachanoi in the third image are what Ogunbodede analyzed and grew into what was distributed; mostly by me and at least one by Martin.
  8. trucha

    In-situ Lophophora conservation

    One more bit of thought was tossed into the ring today. It would have been nice to take this farther but that was unlikely to succeed whereas this may possibly be heard. https://cactusconservation.org/2021/03/08/cci-requests-sb519-amendment-for-legal-cultivation-in-california/
  9. trucha

    spider mites

    Best of success! I've been where you are with pests before and can totally empathize with your decision. If you have concern, wash off the sulfur and let the spider mites return to their full glory before the massacre. It actually should not harm anything if you just went ahead Milbemectin might be tried next if the mites turn out to be resistant to abemectin. Both can be had in concentrated forms that won't have that problem when diluted. I'm not suggesting powder as the risk to the operator and their surroundings is higher than many people are trained for but concentrates like Avid do exist. That solvent you refer to is for forming an emulsion with water. Shake the spraybottle frequently during application so it stays dispersed and use a white sheet to protect from sun afterwards.
  10. trucha

    spider mites

    The residuals of what you’ve been trying might interfere with this getting started but we have had great success using predatory mites to control spider mites and russet mites on a range of plants. Read about them first as how they get introduced is important for good results. Some are better suited for indoor use than others. https://www.buglogical.com/spider-mite-predator/ https://www.arbico-organics.com/category/two-spotted-spider-mite-control-deciduous-fruit-trees https://www.arbico-organics.com/product/mite-predator-phytoseiulus-persimilis-spidermite-killer-greenhouse/pest-solver-guide-mites https://www.gardeninsects.com/spiderMiteControl.asp https://greenmethods.com/persimilis/ There are lots of suppliers but check reviews as this is a live product and not all suppliers are equal. In some cases the mites can’t survive without food so need to be shipped with some green leaves infected white flies or another food source to ensure live arrival. One other thing to keep in mind is that many approaches to pest control either cannot or should not be used on cacti. Anything that harms the waxy outer layer can result in scarring or burning. In some cases this is from losing their protection to the sun but sometimes it is due to the product causing actual damage. Oil sprays in particular should be avoided. Predatory nematodes can be helpful additions to cactus gardens also depending on what pest is causing problems.
  11. trucha

    In-situ Lophophora conservation

    The Taliban seek to rigidly control not only their own group's practice of their religion but everyone else's practice of the same religion (and have neither tolerance nor respect of other religions). This is nothing new of course, Charlemagne did something similar but even more excessive. If a person knew of someone who had not been baptized and did not turn them in or if they did not say their prayers when they were supposed to, the punishment was death. (And in the process the use of plant based intoxicants/sacraments in Europe was either obliterated or driven into secrecy,) Rigid authoritarian control over a religious practice seems almost perverse when it involves psychedelics. To more clearly answer the rest of your question Wile E Peyote,, yes, IPCI intends peyote harvesting and distribution to be a commercial venture., Sandor Iron Rope told VOA that IPCI hoped to be sustaining their operation and educational program through the sales of peyote by next year. Wild harvested of course. Not a realistic goal but it does illuminate something worth understanding.
  12. trucha

    In-situ Lophophora conservation

    Thanks Darklight, when I spoke at EGA I was having a hard time with everything due to being in mid recovery from lyme and babesia duncanii.
  13. trucha

    In-situ Lophophora conservation

    The paper you are looking for at JBRIT is the first paper at the link I sent above for the Cactus Conservation Institute website. When papers are resubmitted to a second journal the titles most often get changed. https://cactusconservation.org/resources/cci-publications/ The first preprint that someone else posted above never went to print and was rejected for not being more narrowly focused. I think the preprint of the JBRIT article is all we have permission to post right now but that should be able to change soon. I don't think it is actually in print yet which is why it does not show up in a search for her name. I will check on that and update this with better info.
  14. trucha

    In-situ Lophophora conservation

    That is a difficult question as most of the habitat in South Texas has been destroyed but in general Jim Hogg and Starr County, while heavily affected, have both good sites and some decent populations left. Those and Webb County are where most harvesting occurs. In many cases it is pointless to try to return plants to some pieces of land as rootplowing has made that land inimical to peyote and that will take decades more to restore the pH gradient that rootplowing upset. This means reintroduction has to be assessed parcel by parcel based on not just suitable habitat but its history of land-clearing. The brush comes back but the upper couple of feet of soil is not the same afterwards. One group is beginning cultivation in Texas (the same people involved with that letter). It will be many years before it produces their Medicine for them so they also plan to become distributors and are hoping to displace the present licensed harvesters and become their replacements as the suppliers of wild harvested peyote. There is much talk of conservation by them. Just don't look too closely at the reality. To hear the tale they have always been champions of conservation of peyote, have always been interested in cultivation, and have used peyote as a traditional practice for thousands of years (rather than beginning between the 1880s and the 1990s as is true for most NAC groups) yet the original peyote people in South Texas for whom that is true lack any legal right to consume it since they are not members of federally recognized tribes. The thought that seems to be forgotten is that religious freedom is guaranteed for none if not protected for all. The NAC has the right to peyote due to an act of Congress in 1993 and it is not based on the First Amendment Right to Religion. What Congress can give, Congress can also someday take away if they ever change their minds. That letter did get peyote excluded from what did occur but the bill is a positive movement. Even if it is not passed this time, the movement is afoot. It is ironic a shortage of peyote was given as the reason for denying cultivation in California. "Hippies" still get blamed by many people for causing peyote to become scarce but that is misdirection. All harvesting combined pales in comparison to land loss. The belief voiced in the Oakland discussions is all those people with interest are all going to have to go to Texas and get some peyote from the distributors or through poaching in order to grow or use it (this is almost silly as there is no legal channel as the law would only affect California and an average person going to harvest illegally is not going to be very successful) However, in reality, LOTS of people in California already are growing peyote and have been for a long time. Just not the NAC outside of a few individuals. I suspect there is as much or more peyote already in the hands of nonNAC cultivators in California as is eaten in any given year in California by the NAC. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/feb/17/california-bill-decriminalize-psychedelic-drugs
  15. This work needs updating but a possibly useful pdf is Cactus Chemistry By Species. Free as a pdf at troutsnotes.com [https://troutsnotes.com/pdf/CactusChemistry_2013_Light.pdf] or at archive.org.
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