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The Corroboree

ayjay101

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Everything posted by ayjay101

  1. I know that my first response when my organs are 'burning up alive' would be to find a homeless bum and munch on his face! Damn that awful LSD!
  2. ayjay101

    Sub burbing

    Found subs, lactarius, amanitas, boletes, parasols, saffys, milk tops, galerinas and many others in the hills Eastern Melb hills over the weekend. The amanitas in particular were in glorious abundance. Subs were around in small quantities in my usual haunts, but this is already up on last year which was very poor comapared to the few years prior.
  3. ayjay101

    Melbourne Fungi Workshop. Who's comin!

    *Bump* I'm paid up and locked in for the weekend of 26th/27th May @Creswick, any takers (final call!)?? Zen - I live in a small town in the hills named after a popular bird, nestled in between a place named after a jewel and another place named after a jewel in a creek...
  4. ayjay101

    Sub Heaven

    outstanding
  5. "..I sure could use a vacation from this bull shit 3 ring circus side show..."
  6. ayjay101

    Ginger Beer

    Thanks for the info Psylo. Oztops looks great - gonna order me one of these kits and get fermenting!!
  7. ayjay101

    Ginger Beer

    I rememebr Ed posting his mum's (Eileen's) in the past: http://www.shaman-australis.com/forum/index.php?showtopic=17457&hl=%2Bginger+%2Bbeer+%2Bplant&fromsearch=1
  8. ayjay101

    Melbourne Fungi Workshop. Who's comin!

    Ok, at this stage I'm aiming for the Creswick ones on Sat 26th May and Sun 27th May, and will make a weekend of it. Anyone else from here keen for those dates?
  9. Zombie-ant parasitic fungus kept in check by hyperparasitic fungus Ant colonies are protected against brain-manipulating parasitic fungi by another fungus A dead zombie ant infested with the parasitic fungus Cordyceps. Photograph: David Hughes/Penn State University The modus operandi of the Cordyceps fungi is the stuff of nightmares. These parasites grow inside their insect hosts by feeding off the non-vital organs, and manipulate the hosts' behaviour so that they can reproduce. When it is ready to produce spores, the fungus grows into the brain and releases chemicals that make the host climb a plant then attach itself near the top. It then kills its host by devouring its brain, before sprouting a mushroom from the top of its head, which disperses its spores as widely as possible. Cordyceps fungi can decimate entire ant colonies, but some colonies can keep an infestation at bay and survive for long periods of time. A new study now reveals how they do so. It turns out that the zombie-ant fungus is itself parasitized by another fungus, which limits its ability to reproduce and prevents it from overwhelming the colony. This microbial defence system allows the two species to stably co-exist and ensures the long-term survival of the colony despite a high rate of infection. The Cordyceps fungi manipulate worker ants to leave their nest and march off to a nearby site where they will eventually meet their fate. These sites are mass graves littered with the bodies of nest-mates that have succumbed to the fungus. They can persist in the same location for years, growing steadily as ants arrive one by one to die. Sandra Andersen of the University of Copenhagen and her colleagues took advantage of this. They analysed the growth rate of five graveyards containing ant corpses infected with Ophiocordyceps camponoti-rufipedis, all located within a 400 hectare nature reserve in the Brazilian rain forest. They identified a total of 432 infected ants in the five sites, and characterized each one according to the developmental stage of the fungus. This showed that 1/8 of the ants had been freshly killed, and a similar number were somehow damaged and showed no obvious signs of fungal growth. Another 1/8 had an immature mushroom growing from their heads, but only 1/16 had mature mushrooms that produced spores. They also found that more than half of the dead ants in each graveyard harboured a second parasitic fungus. Photograph: David Hughes/Penn State University The researchers then collected 31 dead parasitized ants carrying mature spore-producing mushrooms, along with the leaves to which they were attached, and took them back to the lab to measure the reproduction of the Cordyceps fungus. They attached the ants to the lid of a Petri dish with Vaseline and monitored the amount of spores deposited by each over a period of 4 -6 days. This revealed that only 13 out of the 31 mushrooms were actually shooting spores. Andersen and her colleagues combined their field data with other results obtained previously in Thailand, and used all of the results to generate a model of the interactions between Cordyceps fungi and infected ant colonies and estimate the length of each stage of the Cordyceps life cycle. According to their estimates, the mushroom begins to sprout about one week after the ant has been killed, and then matures over the next month, during which time it releases its spores. It is, however, highly vulnerable to infection by the hyperparasitic fungus during this maturation period, so a large proportion of the mushrooms become infected and prevented from sporulating. Mature mushrooms, by contrast, likely have efficient immune defences that protect them against infection. The findings reveal highly complex interactions between ant colonies, the parasitic brain-manipulating fungi that infect them, and the other fungi that help to defend the colony against infection. They suggest a delicate trade-off between the growth of the Cordyceps fungus and its lifespan. The slow development of the fungus increases the chances that ants will come into contact with the spores, but this comes with the cost of a high mortality rate among immature fungi. Consequently, each mature parasite produces an average of about one new mature parasite. So although large numbers of individual ants become infected, the likelihood that the fungus it contains will produce spores that survive and infect others is very low. The graveyards therefore grow steadily but slowly, and the colony as a whole can be sustained. Occasionally, an ant might stray further than its colony's resident graveyard, leading to transmission of the parasite to another colony. "Our research indicates that the danger to the ant colony is much smaller than the high density of zombie-ant cadavers in the graveyard might suggest," says senior author David Hughes, an entomologist at Penn State. "The hyperparasitic fungus effectively castrates the zombie-ant fungus so it cannot spread its spores. Because the hyperparasitic fungi prevents the infected zombie-ant fungus from spreading spores, fewer of the ants will become zombies." Reference: Andersen, S. B., et al. (2012). Disease Dynamics in a Specialized Parasite of Ant Societies. PLoS ONE 7(5): e36352. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036352 http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/neurophilosophy/2012/may/03/zombie-ant-parasitic-fungus Groovy huh
  10. ayjay101

    One hit of ecstasy 'resets body clock'

    Hahaha - looks like disturbed body clocks are soon to be treatable anyway: Scientists learn how to reset disrupted body clocks AAP May 03, 2012 11:26AM Good news for shift workers and travellers ... Scientists are working on a way to rejuvenate disrupted body clocks. Picture: Lyndon Mechielsen SHIFT workers and international travellers could in future receive treatment to reset their disrupted body clocks to improve their health. Scientists are working towards developing drugs that target two genes that have recently been found to play a crucial role in regulating the body's circadian rhythms. Chris Liddle, an Australian scientist involved in the international study, says the discovery highlights the importance of the genes in the liver to regulate digestion at appropriate times. Professor Liddle, from the University of Sydney's Westmead Millennium Institute, said people with circadian disturbances, such as shift workers, tend to have higher incidences of obesity and diabetes. He said these conditions were not necessarily caused just by poor diets, but also by the disruption of the body clock and sleep cycle. When the two are thrown out of sync, the body may not be ready to absorb nutrition. "You might come home from work and have your dinner at a time when the body clock has not set your liver up to process that nutrition,'' Prof Liddle told AAP. He said a disrupted body clock could take days or weeks to reset. The study found that when particular receptors in the liver were removed, the body clock does not function properly. "Clearly these receptors are very important in setting the liver up in the right part of the clock cycle to accept and process nutrition and to regulate digestion,'' Prof Liddle said. He said the discovery of the gene functions meant that drugs could now be developed to target those receptors and provide relief for people affected by disrupted circadian rhythms. "We're potentially coming up not only with something that helps you when you travel or when you change shifts on shift work, but may be relevant to people with diabetes, obesity and related metabolic problems,'' he said. The study, published in the journal Nature on Thursday, was led by a California-based research centre, the Salk Institute. Read more: http://www.news.com.au/technology/sci-tech/scientists-learn-how-to-reset-body-clocks/story-fn5fsgyc-1226345621319#ixzz1toLdsyKd http://www.news.com.au/technology/sci-tech/scientists-learn-how-to-reset-body-clocks/story-fn5fsgyc-1226345621319
  11. ayjay101

    Biggest full moon in 18 years :o

    FWIW in a previous life I studied statistics at uni and we briefly analysed moon cycles in relation to criminal behaviour satistics. There was indeed a slight stastical increase in criminal behaviour on full moons. BUT there was a marked, significant correllation between 'blue moons' and criminal behaviour. Just went outside to take a peek, but alas, obscured by clouds (not a bad album by the floyd that one )
  12. ayjay101

    One hit of ecstasy 'resets body clock'

    And were these subjects compared with a control group? How about comparisons of the same subject's leg-twitching and loud snoring habits *before* ecstacy consumption? What about other co-factors, other habits, drugs in the mix? So it's something akin to staying up all night under lights, or travelling across the international date line and getting jetlag?
  13. Thanks for positng - I had a nice late night last night and enjoyed a few of these. Quality fiction. The drama is manifest in the writing itself and NOT merely implied through the typical channels of emotional/character attachments, effects or other plot devices.
  14. ayjay101

    Melbourne Fungi Workshop. Who's comin!

    Me too - it could be held in my backyard ;)
  15. ayjay101

    Melbourne Fungi Workshop. Who's comin!

    Wow, this looks too good to pass up. I'm going to try and make it to all 3 different workshops. Just need to work out which particular locations - there'll be a bit of travel and juggling for me to do...
  16. Cheers EG Apologies for the bum-steer Belching
  17. The cactus looks like echinopsis (Trichocereus) spachianus to me. Crazy pupping there, especially from such a young one! I have NFI about the other, but it looks very cool indeed.
  18. The report I heard specifically stated "pornographic images of males" Nudity is definitely NOT pornography - however society at large and the general media treat the 2 as interchangable. It's a shame and evidnece of our pathetic sexual complex, for sure.
  19. This was reported in the TripleJ news yesterday morning, where the story was that he immediately fled the room when the images appeared... EDIT: they also reported that the images were pornographic images of males...
  20. Mate I think that's a bit drastic. Perhaps burn your pachs first....
  21. I'm finding that gardening itself is a pretty full-on addiction I have more (legal thankyou) plants than I have space for in the garden, yet I still lay down more seed into pots and I constantly find myself looking for more in trades and sales... I need help. I'm lucky I have a loving and supportive family that stands by me with this horrible affliction, yet they constantly lose me to hours spent weeding, feeding, defending, caring for and admiring my plants. Sometimes I even manage to sneak out past my curfew and flick a few snails and grubs off over the fence and sneak back into bed nnoticed ;) hehe
  22. This was menitoned on TripleJ news this morning as well While I take heart from such news articles, I can't help it think such proposals will be laughed out of the room by mainstream, current lawmakers and the uninitiated general public
  23. Hi friends, I'm looking to cook up some tasty treats this winter. Can you help? Was thinking possibly Oysters, Shitaki, Enoki, Shimeji, Porcini.. whatever's around or recommended really. I can trade: - trich seeds (a little long in the tooth now - a cpls of years old but well stored) - a small number of loph seed - large range of Diggers club vege seeds - small number of acacia seed - pach cuts - tip/mid - computer music & sample CDs - copies of conspiracy docos, esoteric teaching docos, psychedelic docos, etc - whatever else I can find of a similar nature Thanks and Hooroo for now
  24. ayjay101

    button cactus for sale

    Hahahaha If you're considering buying it at that price. Do it. Do it now. If you're considering selling it at the price, you should start the auction at that price, it should (and will) go for more than that... I would think it would go for over $500, closer to $700. People are willing to pay high prices for older Lophs.
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