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BBGONE

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About BBGONE

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    Psychonaut

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    Male
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    Europe
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    It developer

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    continental
  1. BBGONE

    Loph red rot

    Some seedlings of my loph's batch had these spots. Because i had a lot of seedlings i discarded damaged cacties. One batch had a lot of them (that was from another vendor), and i discarded all the batch. Seems it is fungi inside the seeds, they must be contaminated and seems it is systemic desease. I tried difenoconazole spraying, it did not help (bu i did not wait long, just 2 days, and then discarded them). Now i spray the seedlings from the start of their sprouting. Wetting seeds before sowing with fungicide may be better prevention.
  2. BBGONE

    How to stop ants living amoung cacti

    Diazinon and Chloryryfos almost identical in chemical structure (they are both thiaphosphiric acid esters). the latter a little more active. http://bss.sfsu.edu/cdavidson/contaminant/sparling%20OP%20oxons%20and%20Rana%20boylii%20env%20pol%2007.pdf But they are both safe to plants and are not accumulated in plants tissue, because plants readyly metabolize them (although their metabolites can be present in plants). They are active only in soil and on surface of leaves (if sprayed on leaves), and after 2 months they are almost totally disintegrated into nonactive compounds. Chlorpyrifos is used also (like diazinon) against fleas on home animals: http://www.chlorpyrifos.org/ http://search.nufarm...EC_24107726.pdf
  3. I would not like to repot those trichs. This spring i discarded several 1 year old seedlings of T. Peruvianus v. aricapampa. Although they were classic style, they are not for home with those evil spines. Now i prefer to grow Scops and Lophs. Seems scops have all the qualities of other trichs like pachanoi. the only drawback- their seeds are rare.
  4. BBGONE

    How to stop ants living amoung cacti

    More info on insects killers. I wrote about diazinon - it is very effective, and sold in granules and sand forms (about 5% active compound in preparations). It is sold under different brand names - so it is needed to see on the packet what is is active compound. Another effective insecticide (which is not harmful to birds - if you care) is deltamethrin - pyretroid, which kills insects in 2 minutes. It is sold locally (where i live) by the name Decis (Bayer Crop protection). I have found, that is very effective (I also used diazinon) to kill mealy bugs, and every other bug (everything that crawls), and is not harmful to plants growth. Dont use insectcides those contain imidacloprid to water plants, it is phytotoxic (it is now used very often). I used this on home plants, and a lot of leaves on plants died and dropped. P.S.- one more advice, because all insecticides are sold under brand name, look for what is typed in small letters, which substance they contain. Better look for solid forms (not liquid concentrates), they dont contain phytotoxic additives. Some liquids can contain kerosine, and malodorants. You can read also this article: http://www.bugsaway.com/diazinon.htm Alternative insecticides to Diazinon Granules Millions of pounds of Diazinon and Dursban Granules are used in the United States each year for the treatment of various grass insects including beetle grubs, fleas, ticks and ants. Diazinon Granules contain an organophosphate type of insecticide and as such are fairly toxic to non-target wildlife. Birds especially are very susceptible if they feed on freshly applied Diazinon or Dursban granules. In addition Diazinon has been found in ground water in various parts of the country. We recommend two very effective alternative granular formulations to Diazinon Granules. Both of these products are in the synthetic pyrethroid family of chemicals and as such are very safe to non-target wildlife, including birds. Below are descriptions for both of these products. DeltaGard G (a.i. Deltamethrin): Deltagard is a granular insecticide which utilizes a unique, water soluble carrier. Its irregularly shaped granules dissolve completely (leaving no particles that might be picked up by birds and other non-target species!), delivering the maximum dose of DeltaGard to the target insects. Packaged in convenient 10 lb. bags which, at the treatment rate of just 2 lb. per thousand square feet, will treat 5000 square feet. This is considerably less than traditional granules, and means you carry a lot less bulk while still getting the job done properly. Normal residual is up to 4 weeks, depending on environmental conditions and targeted pests. Talstar (a.i. Bifinthrin) Talstar is a synthetic pyrethroid that is available in both granular and liquid concentrate forms. It is very safe towards non-target animals such as birds, reptiles and mammals. Talstar lasts much longer than organophosphate pesticides such as Dursban, Diazinon, Malathion and Acephate. We have had many reported cases of Talstar controlling molecrickets for up to two months, chinch bugs, ants and fire ants for three months! Only 1 or 2 applications are needed each year for mole crickets. No special site preparation is needed when treating for mole crickets with Talstar. Talstar is very effective in controlling ants, fleas, mole crickets, chinch bugs and other turf and ornamental pests.
  5. BBGONE

    How to stop ants living amoung cacti

    Find granules sold from soil insects (they contain diazinon, typed on packet in small letters). Add them to the top of the soil, and ants are gone. P.S.- diazinon is not systemic, very low toxicity to humans, not water soluble, has no effect on plants. Can be also used to kill mealy bugs.
  6. BBGONE

    What to do with little lophs?

    Glad to know, that all is going OK. Have found one more post about action of light on Lophs. growing by @Gunter http://www.shaman-australis.com/forum/index.php?showtopic=29726&hl=lophophora&fromsearch=1. they show a red color but grow just fine, in fact in some of the batches the more vigorous ones that are the largest and most well established show the most red color...
  7. BBGONE

    What to do with little lophs?

    Have found good post on lighting of lophs. seedlings by @Rev http://www.shaman-australis.com/forum/index.php?showtopic=10025. IME lophs dont care about heat and sun expousre i did the unthinkable and left my lophs in full sun afternoon exposure through a glass window in sealed humid containers from sowing till now they did not die. they did not redden. they did not suburn rather they are the best loph seeding i have ever grown , not one but half a dozeb tubs of diff sources and the epithelanthas nex to them bleached, cooked and died its a mystery
  8. BBGONE

    grow lights

    It is better to have long t5 fluoros tubes. There are a lot of aquarium lights setups on the market. With long 16 mm tubes, the light spreads more evenly, and reflector is better used. With CFLs a lot of light directed not down, but in every directions, and using them with reflector is less efficient. But for simpler solution , CFL is OK.
  9. BBGONE

    WTB & WTS Lophophora Williamsii

    No his friend gave him 3 lophs, he repotted them in vermiculite, put them under lights, fertilized them like normal plants. he was not cactus lover, he just did it out of pure experiment. he then tried to move them on passive hydroponics, they lived, but later he made adjustment for hydroponics. He mixed vermiculite with gravel (50:50) and on the top added 2-3 cm of gravel. Later he propagated them (from seeds). He sowed seeds in vermiculite from the start. He said that lophs never rotted. Out of the batch, maybe one or two lophs died, not more. So it is overexaggerated, that lophs are rotprone and grow very slow. Information from "divine cactus" supports this. They grow them in UK outdoors. http://www.divinecac...cultivation.php If somebody wants to grow them more compact, it is better to grow them with more blue light in the spectrum. It was noticed (Anne halonium tek) that grafts on PERES can be given any shape, with red they grow long, under blue they grow spherically. If one wants more natural plants, then it is better to give soil time for drying before new watering. Interestingly, could they reform their shape to more natural, if they are grown till mature in good growing conditions, and then under normal drier conditions for cacties ??? P.S.- Sure, Pilz probably grows under lights only seedlings, then they go for natural light. They have plenty of greenhouse's space.
  10. BBGONE

    grow lights

    The grow lights produce more light in the wavelengths needed for plant growth, but tend to have a lower output per watt consume but they emit light less visible to human's eye, output in wattage the same. They realy cost a lot more (Double or triple the price of ordinary lamps) For growing purposes they are equal to warm light fluoros (2700-3000K). So, if you want chipper lights, better go with warm lights. P.S. - why the cacties dont like purple lights. I use them, and seems there are no difference between ordinary T5 HO lamps and special T5 HO lamps. Just have bought them to try, and now dont see the reason.
  11. BBGONE

    WTB & WTS Lophophora Williamsii

    Not much bills for electricity. Under 324 W fluoros setup (120 x 40 cm) they can put 30-40 grownup lophs (7-9 cm in diameter or 11 - 13 cm pot). It is only 3 - 4 $ per one Loph a year. But when they are smaller they can pack easily a hundred under the lamp's setup. When they are seedlings they can have thousands of them under the lamp.
  12. BBGONE

    What to do with little lophs?

    Lophs. seedligs grow very little the first 3 months. Seems they push all their energy to grow roots. Then after 3 months old, they start to grow.
  13. BBGONE

    WTB & WTS Lophophora Williamsii

    Dont know how they are old but http://shop.kakteen-piltz.de/ sells them for 45 euro. Seems they mass produce them in some way. If they grow them without wintering, under lights and fertilizing them, they can grow them this big in 4 years. Omitting wintering, means doubling their growth, growing under artificial lights means - the light intensity is perfect for growth (not too much and and not too low), so they grow constantly 365 days a year (not like in nature) and they recieve nutrients (once in 2 weeks). The results are better than grafting, because no need to graft them, then degraft, root them. Grafting method takes 3 years to grow normal Lophs (1 year before graft, 1 year to grow as a graft, and 1 year to root them) Simpler to grow them on their roots all year round, and in 3 years the results will be the same.
  14. BBGONE

    What to do with little lophs?

    I have found today, that when keeping them open allows to much water evaporation from the surface. I germinated seeds on vermiculite moist with low concentration fertilizer in water. So, now when water evaporates on surface , the fertilizer gets more concentrated on surface, and they grow slower. I covered them today with lids, keeping holes for ventilation, and sprayed them with fresh water to move nutrients down the substrate. Lids will prevent from excessive evaporation, and prevent nutrients concentration build up on the surface. But when i keeped them with lids and no holes, it was too moist for them, and some of seedlings, began to display orange spots. I discarded those seedling and removed lids, but then nutrients became to get concentrated. So the best way is to keep them with lids , and leave holes for ventilation. P.S.- interesting that when covered with red plastic lids they grow better. I have 4 seedlings in different tray, covered with red lid (lid from CD box), they germinated later, but grow better. They grow not in vermiculite, but in citrus peat soil, which i have bought for my plants. So i dunno, which one causes better growth, citrus soil or red lids.
  15. BBGONE

    What to do with little lophs?

    Mine are also under fluoros, 6 aquamedic Plant Grow T5 tubes in Aqua Medic aquarium Lights. I uncovered mine when they became green and rounded, only 10 days after sprouting. Lophs. grow roots faster than Pedros, and they feel nice without cover. I keep mine in vermiculite covered with aquarium sharp white sand , and vermiculite keeps moisture very well, sand also helps from drying of the substrate by reflecting light off the surface. So I even don't need to spray them every day. I feel sand is moist, so underneath is also enougth moisture. It is easy to determine distance, if they turn too brown on tops (a little is OK), it is a sign to put them father from the lamp. You can read a report for growing Lophs under HPS lamp. http://www.shaman-australis.com/forum/index.php?showtopic=31895 The author used 150 W at 50 CM distance (to start seeds) After some time he moved them closer -- to 35 cm. I think MH lamp puts off heat, as much as HPS lamp. So distances can be taken as with HPS lamp.
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