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Happy Global Magic Mushroom Day everybody, mind and spirit, http://www.zoomquilt.org/ Join with The Australian Psychedelic Society Sydney in celebrating 920–Global Magic Mushroom Day! We are hosting an event this Sunday where members of the community will share a variety of personal stories that highlight the psychological, physical, emotional, spiritual and philosophical significance of psilocybin mushrooms. We will also be screening the 2014 Film 'Little Saints', a documentary that follows six individuals and the director to Mexico to meet Mazatec curandera Natalia Martinez where they take part in the healing ancient ritual by ingesting the local Psilocybe mushrooms. Hope to see you all this Sunday, 1:00pm at 107 Redfern st, Redfern. Tickets selling fast !...so get them now form https://www.eventbrite.com.au/e/myco-reflections-tickets-50067051900
Young Psillicybe shrooms popping through a casing of rye grass seed. I used the fine seed as a casing layer to give a nice background on the shrooms when I took a photo. In hindsight it wasn't such a good idea as the grass quickly depleted the nitrogen and food which mushrooms needed to continue to grow.
CLICKHEREx posted a topic in Mycology09-08-2013, 11:27 Phungushead Twisted Depiction Super Moderator Join Date: 21-01-2005 Male from United States Posts: 3,016 Blog Entries: 2 Scientists Uncover Evolutionary Past of Hallucinogenic 'Magic' Mushrooms -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Hallucinogenic "magic" mushrooms are well known for their ability to affect those who eat them. Yet researchers have long wondered exactly where these mushrooms fit in the fungal family tree. Now, scientists have uncovered the evolutionary past of this fungi, revealing a bit more about them and their potential use in medicinal applications. Hallucinogenic mushrooms have been used for centuries in rituals, medicinally or just recreationally. In fact, ancient people in Central America used to actively ingest these mushrooms for the extrasensory perceptual effects it gave them in order to better assess the problems faced by their societies. That said, scientists officially discovered them in the 19th century. At that point, researchers delved into the mushrooms' taxonomy, biochemistry and historical usage. Now, scientists are learning a bit more about how they evolved. In order to examine the mushrooms a bit more closely, the researchers employed new molecular and computational techniques. They produced the first multi-gene evaluation of the evolutionary development of Psilocybe, the genus of small mushrooms known for their hallucinogenic properties. This work is a major step when it comes to classifying and naming "magic" mushrooms. So what did the scientists find? In the past, researchers found that the species of Psilocybe did not commonly descend from a single ancestor. Because of this, the hallucinogenic species were typically separated from their non-hallucinogenic relatives. This new study, though, places the two separate groups into different families: the Psilocybe (family Hymenogastraceae) and the Deconica (family Strophariaceae s.str). It's likely that the mushrooms evolved independently instead of possessing a common ancestor. Another option is that they underwent several evolutionary losses, probably for ecological reasons. That said, the species of Psilocybe are united to some degree due to the fact that they possess the psychedelic compound psilocybin and other secondary metabolites, or products of metabolism. The findings reveal a little bit more about how these mushrooms evolved and could tell scientists a little bit more about their properties. The work is important for understanding more about these mushrooms, which could aid current research concerning their medicinal uses. The findings are published in the journal Botany. 06 August 2013 Catherine Griffin Science World Direct Photo: Hallucinogenic "magic" mushrooms are well known for their ability to affect those who eat them. Now, scientists have uncovered the evolutionary past of this fungi, revealing a bit more about them and their potential use in medicinal applications. (Photo : Wikimedia Commons/Alan Rockefeller) http://www.scienceworldreport.com/ar...on_object_map= Quote: Phylogenetic inference and trait evolution of the psychedelic mushroom genus Psilocybe sensu lato (Agaricales) Virginia Ramírez-Cruz,a Gastón Guzmán,b Alma Rosa Villalobos-Arámbula,c Aarón Rodríguez,a P. Brandon Matheny,d Marisol Sánchez-García,d Laura Guzmán-Dávalosa Departamento de Botánica y Zoología, Universidad de Guadalajara, Apdo. Postal 1-139, Zapopan, Jalisco, 45101, Mexico. Instituto de Ecología, Apdo. Postal 63, Xalapa, 91000, Veracruz, Mexico. Departamento de Biología Celular y Molecular, Universidad de Guadalajara, Apdo. Postal 1-139, Zapopan, Jalisco, 45101, Mexico. Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee, 332 Hesler Biology, Building, Knoxville, TN 37996-1610, USA. Corresponding author: Laura Guzmán-Dávalos (e-mail: [email protected]). Published on the web 06 August 2013. Botany, 10.1139/cjb-2013-0070 Abstract The genus Psilocybe contains iconic species of fungi renowned for their hallucinogenic properties. Recently, Psilocybe also included non-hallucinogenic species that have since been shifted to the genus Deconica. Here, we reconstruct a multigene phylogeny for Psilocybe, Deconica, and other exemplars of the families Hymenogastraceae and Strophariaceae sensu stricto (s. str.), using three nuclear markers (nLSU-rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, and rpb1). Our results confirm the monophyly of Deconica within Strophariaceae s. str., as well as numerous robust infrageneric relationships. Psilocybe is also recovered as a monophyletic group in the Hymenogastraceae, in which two principal lineages are recognized, including several nested subgroups. Most sections of Psilocybe following classifications based on morphological features are not supported in these analyses. Ancestral character state reconstruction analyses suggest that basidiospore shape in frontal view and spore wall thickness, commonly used to characterize sections in Deconica and Psilocybe, are homoplastic. Chrysocystidia, sterile cells located in the hymenium, evolved on at least two occasions in the Strophariaceae s. str., including in a novel lineage of Deconica. Attached Thumbnails Read more: http://www.drugs-forum.com/forum/showthread.php?t=222369#ixzz2bY9ZzxzV (pic of "Blue Meanie")