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Calamus is known for its stimulating effect when smoked. The Cree Indians of Northern Alberta chew the fresh rootstock of the Sweet Flag-calamus under the name Weekas. It has been called "the coca of the north" because of its stimulant properties, which are known to many tribes. Also hallucinogenic properties are reported from sweet flag- calamus, which is not the normal north-american species. They also use it as an analgesic, against fatigue and exhaustion, to prevent and to cure a hangover and to "travel great distances without touching the ground. Acorus gramineus syn. A. tatarinowii is used in Chinese traditional medicine. It (the oil and decoction) has antiepileptic, anti-convulsive, anti-diarrhea, effects and can balance the excitatory and inhibitory amino acids in brain. It contains 2,3% Methyleugenol, 4,4% cic-Methylisoeugenol, 0,8% trans-Methylisoeugenol, 4,5% gamma-Asarone and 66,1% beta-Asarone and traces of Isoacoramone, cis-Epoxyasarone and others. It heightens sexual desire, works as an antiseptic analgesic, nervous system stimulant, perception-altering, antispasmodic digestive, increases the hypnotic effect of barbiturates and alcohol and can be hallucinogenic. Some compounds in the essential oil are potent antagonists of NMDA-receptors on the PCP-site (like Ketamine): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11253173 and http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11025136 The extract was also tested positive for specific binding to striatal dopamine D1 and D2 and GABA A- receptors. A korean alcoholic beverage with it is called liquor of the immortals, having similar effects like absinthe and in old China it was used in shamanism. My Acorus gramineus- plant: Acorus calamus var. calamus, the eurasian calamus is also distributed here in Austria in swamps. Calamus has its origin in India and possibly the muskrat (Ondatra zibethica) has distributed it to North-America. It is magically attracted by the rhizome and does not only eat it, but also dig it to make reserves. In Kashmir the root is associated with happiness. In europe it is a component of many bitters and sometimes sold as tea against debility, nervousness, stomach-cramps, nervine and aphrodisiac. Collected rhizomes: Acorus calamus var. americanus (does not contain the carcinogenic cis-Isoasarone): It is possible that Asarone is converted to TMA (a hallucinogen) in our body.