waterboy 2.0

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Everything posted by waterboy 2.0

  1. Some ecologies would be more robust. But nutrient is a big factor in the mostly ancient aussie deficient soils, and how that Impacts the native assemblage if enriching, and give advantages to weed Incursions... And weed growing... Lol Rodent control in clandestine grows has caused widespread issues in a few countries... So there is potential for fauna impacts. Could think of others... Suburbia is the mainstay of where the "lets use this wasted space" folk are greening, and it's an interesting thing. Generally they just seed and go, rather than improve for increased production and then crop protection methods.
  2. Different one I think glaukus... The trendy one, rather than the old school one.... Maybe I'm wrong I went with this one (not initially lol) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guerrilla_gardening
  3. Overgrow horticultural defiance. Avoid weeds, species with weedy potential. Some have different aims, food or flowers, natives ect. Had a different connotation when I was a pup
  4. Nothing special for eucs, in around months the ambient Temps will be better. Use gritty mineral soil, rather than barky potting mix by preference. Acacias need stratification as rule of thumb, with hot water the best bet. Make a cuppa, them pour some over seeds let cool, then let them soak up a bit of water. Theres only a couple of species I've used to used smoke for, Brunonia was one I can think of, and grass trees. Natives do better with natural cycles rather than heat mats IMO as you can let them do as the seasons dictate and what the are adapted to perform under. Timing can make your life pretty easy with natural Temps for germination. Understory Network gives best times and conditions for a lot of things in there database. They defo have the tricks for a lot of native species. Your local NRM (NRM South) would also have some regional info, Google them up. Some wildflowers need scarification, do a sandpaper rub or clip with nail clippers can do the deed. Tubestock is better suited to raising many natives.
  5. Earth at risk of 'hothouse climate' where efforts to reduce emissions will have no impact, study finds By Elise Pianegonda Posted2 days ago, updated2 days ago IMAGEA "hothouse" climate could trigger earth processes like a major reduction of Antarctic sea ice.(Australian Antarctic Division: Richard Youd) If humans cause the earth's global average temperature to increase by a further 1 degree Celsius, the world could face a "hothouse" climate and trigger further warming — even when all human emissions cease, an international study has found. Key points: Study found the climate is heading for a tipping point that could make the planet uninhabitable It could cause temperatures up to 5C higher than pre-industrial averages Current global efforts to curb emissions are "unlikely" to prevent the dangerous situation The study titled Trajectories of the Earth System in the Anthropocene, which involved researchers from around the world, was published in the international journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS). It found the Earth was heading for a tipping point, known as a "hothouse" climate, which could lead to average temperatures up to 5C higher than pre-industrial temperatures and rises in sea level of between 10 and 60 metres. Lead researcher Professor Will Steffen from the Australian National University (ANU) said at that point much of the earth would be uninhabitable. He explained that if human emissions raised global temperatures to 2C above pre-industrial temperatures it could trigger earth system processes — or feedbacks — that could then cause further warming. "The real concern is these tipping elements can act like a row of dominoes," Professor Steffen said. "Once one is pushed over, it pushes Earth towards another. "It may be very difficult or impossible to stop the whole row of dominoes from tumbling over." Current efforts 'unlikely' to help avoid tipping point Professor Steffen said global average temperatures were currently just over 1C above pre-industrial temperatures and rising at 0.17C each decade. And he said while humans were not the sole cause of temperature changes on Earth, the current efforts by nations to reduce emissions and stop average temperatures rising by a further 1C were "unlikely to help avoid this very risky situation". "Even if the Paris Accord [Agreement] target of a 1.5C to 2C rise in temperature is met, we cannot exclude the risk that a cascade of feedbacks could push the Earth system irreversibly onto a 'hothouse Earth' pathway," the study said. "As yet [these initiatives] are not enough to meet the Paris target." Professor Steffen said countries needed to work together to "greatly accelerate the transition towards an emission-free world economy". "If the threshold is crossed, the resulting trajectory would likely cause serious disruptions to ecosystems, society, and economies," the study said. "Collective human action is required to steer the Earth system away from a potential threshold and stabilise it in a habitable interglacial-like state." The authors of the study examined 10 feedback processes, some of which could cause "the uncontrollable release" of carbon back into the atmosphere, after it had been stored in the earth. Some of the processes also included permafrost thaw, Amazon rainforest dieback, a reduction of northern hemisphere snow cover, a loss of Arctic summer sea ice, and a reduction of Antarctic sea ice and polar ice sheets. The study did not lay down a timeframe for when such events would begin to occur, but theorised — if the threshold was crossed — it could be within a century or two. "The impacts of a hothouse earth pathway on human societies would likely be massive, sometimes abrupt, and undoubtedly disruptive," the study said. https://www.google.com.au/amp/amp.abc.net.au/article/10080274
  6. Arctic Circle hits 32C as Europe heatwave nears record temperatures By Nick Pearson 12:10pm Aug 1, 2018 This is a modal window. This video is eir unavailable or not supported in this browser Error Code: MEDIA_ERR_SRC_NOT_SUPPORTED Session ID: 2018-08-06:14043270bc68f96d7dcffe30 Player Element ID:player_6qu8po OK Summer heat brings disaster to Europe 1 / 2 Temperatures in the Arctic Circle have reached upwards of 32C, as Europe swelters through an extraordinary heatwave. The weather station in Banak, in the far north of Norway, recorded temperatures of 32.4C. That particular area in Norway has an average maximum temperature in summer of 16.9C. Reindeer in the country were photographed drinking water among swimmers as the temperature reached scorching levels. Meanwhile, Spain and Portugal are bracing for the mercury to break the all-time European heat record of 48C later this week. RELATED ARTICLES Three dead as Europe heatwave escalates Europe heatwave in pictures: Record-breaking temps blast the continent Europe heatwave: Hottest day in Europe ever could come in the next week The heatwave gripping large stretches of Europe has already been blamed for deadly forest fires and crop failures. Now freshwater fish could be its next victims. Some regions in Germany sweltered as the mercury hit 39C and the German Meteorological Office said the country's record of 40.3C could be topped as the week continues. Rivers like the Rhine and the Elbe have soaked up so much heat that fish are beginning to suffocate. "I'm expecting a tragedy as soon as next week," Philipp Sicher from the Swiss Fishery Association told German news agency dpa. In Hamburg, authorities collected almost five metric tons of dead fish from ponds over the weekend, dpa reported. Firefighters have started pumping fresh water into some ponds and lakes in a bid to raise oxygen levels. Scientists say the record heat seen in Europe but also North America and parts of Asia this year points to the influence of man-made climate change and could become more common in future. Several of Germany's nuclear power stations are reducing energy output because rivers used to cool the power plants are too warm. The low water levels have also made shipping more difficult, with a complete ban imposed on boats on the Oder river in eastern Germany. Meanwhile, the country's Farmer's Association is asking the government for 1 billion euros (A$1.57 billion) in financial aid to help cover losses from this year's poor harvest. Association president Joachim Rukwied said German farmers expect the grain harvest to be 20 percent smaller than last year, with rapeseed crops down 30 percent, as it has barely rained during the past 12 weeks, dpa reported. A group representing potato farmers said they're expecting harvests to be 25 percent smaller than last year and warned that the losses may lead not only to more expensive but also shorter French fries — because the spuds are so small this year. The oceans, too, have been affected. No swimming People enjoy the warm temperatures and bright sunshine as they crowd a beach in the Baltic Sea resort of Miedzyzdroje, northwestern Poland. (AAP) Authorities in Poland last week banned swimming at over 50 beaches along its Baltic Sea coast, after hot weather led to the growth of toxic bacteria in the unusually warm sea. Water temperatures in the Baltic Sea exceeded 23C in some places. Emergency water rescuers told vacationers on hot, sandy beaches — from Swinoujscie in the west to Gdynia in the east — not to enter the sea, where thick, green-brown cyanobacteria colonies have grown and pose a health threat. Police in western Germany, meanwhile, rushed to where callers overnight reported hearing frantic screaming from a woman — but it turned out that a hospital had opened its windows because of the heat and several women there were in labor. Police dogs in the Swiss city of Zurich have been getting special shoes to prevent them from burning their paws on the scorching streets. Swiss authorities have also cancelled traditional fireworks displays in some areas during Wednesday's national holiday celebrations, citing the high risk of forest fires. Across Europe, forest fires have already caused major damage. On July 23, at least 91 people died in a wildfire in Greece — the deadliest in Europe for decades. In Spain, 27 of the country's 50 provinces are at "extreme risk" from heat beginning on Thursday, the national weather agency said. In neighbouring Portugal, the General Directorate for Health warned about dust blowing in from North Africa and authorities said almost 11,000 firefighters and 56 aircraft are on standby to tackle forest fires. Some are benefiting from the simmering heat. Beer brewers in Germany have seen sales rise 0.6 percent, or 300,000 hectolitres in the first half of 2018 compared to the same period last year. "Especially the alcohol-free types are currently very much sought after," said Marc-Oliver Huhnholz, from the German Brewer-Association. In Denmark, where the Meteorological Institute reported that the month of July has been the sunniest since they started recording data in 1920, sales of alcoholic beverages dropped in favour of non-alcoholic beers, sodas and white wine, the country's TV2 reported. https://www.9news.com.au/world/2018/08/01/12/10/arctic-circle-hits-32c-as-europe-heatwave-nears-record-temperatures
  7. All the nicotine alkaloids can be converted via nitrosation to form TSNAs (there's quite a few with different conversion mechanisms, and more being identified) Nornicotine can form N-nitrosnornicotine (NNN), burley types typically produce more nornicotine... But it's part of the picture. Nicotine and oxidized forms can covert to NNK. NNN and NNK are the most studied, and identified top tier carcinogens. Agricultural (esp excess fertilizer) and curing practices have a huge influence on TSNA conversion.... The worst came with modern flue curing, and bulk modern burley barn curing but I'll leave that alone. The convertor strains are burley types (selected from current varieties) which are barn air cured, not flue cured. It's one reduction technique to fit industrial production.
  8. @Alchemica Covers a bit on North American groups and the different species they used, and a bit into lore, and cultivation methods. Can scan bits if of interest. Edit- this book sent me down a rabbit hole chasing early production farming info and guidebooks
  9. "laughing" Trolling dumb fuck
  10. Europe's heatwave has brought a savage summer as climate change slashes the odds of more like it ANALYSIS THE CONVERSATION BY ANDREW KING AND BEN HENLEYUPDATED ABOUT AN HOUR AGO Email Facebook Twitter WhatsApp PHOTO The sun rises at Cullercoats Bay on England's north east coast on Thursday, as the UK prepares to sizzle through a 35 degree day. AP: OWEN HUMPHREYS In Australia we know about sweltering summer heat. We all remember the images of burned koala paws, collapsing tennis playersand, far more seriously, the tragic events of Black Saturday. Aussies may scoff at Britain's idea of a heatwave, but this time it's the real deal and it's no laughing matter. Extreme heat has hit locations throughout the Northern Hemisphere, in places as far apart as Montreal, Glasgow, Tokyo and Lapland. In the past few weeks heat records have been broken in a wide range of places, most notably: a new record high temperature for Africa of 51.3℃ in Algeria a record high temperature in Japan of 41.1℃ near Tokyo a world record hottest overnight minimum of 42.6℃ in Oman. Heat has not been the only problem. Much of northern Europe is experiencing a very persistent drought, with little to no measurable rainfall in months. This has caused the normally lush green fields of England and other European countries to turn brown and even reveal previously hidden archaeological monuments.There have also been major wildfires in northern England, Sweden and, most recently and devastatingly, Greece. The Greek wildfires came off the back of a very dry winter and spring. Be prepared for the heat Heatwaves kill far more people than other natural disasters. ABC Emergency has a checklist of things you can do to be ready. What's behind the extreme heat? The jet stream, a high-altitude band of air that pushes weather systems around at lower altitudes, has been weaker than normal. It has also been positioned unusually far to the north, particularly over Europe. This has kept the low-pressure systems that often drive wind and rain over northern Europe at bay. The jet stream has remained locked in roughly the same position over the Atlantic Ocean and northern Europe for the past couple of months. This has meant that the same weather types have remained over the same locations most of the time. Weather is typically more transient than it has been recently. Even when we do have blocking high-pressure systems associated with high temperatures in northern Europe, they don't normally linger as long as this. Is it driven by climate change? Although climatologists have made great strides in recent years in the field of event attribution — identifying the human climate fingerprint on particular extreme weather events — it is hard to quantify the role of climate change in an event that is still unfolding. Until the final numbers are in we won't be able to tell just how much climate change has altered the likelihood or intensity of these particular heat extremes. Having said that, we can use past analyses of extreme heat events, together with future climate change projections, to infer whether climate change is playing a role in these events. 'Science can't provide moral energy' Hear on Science Friction why Mike Hulme thinks only the human imagination will help us now when it comes to the climate. We also know that increasing numbers of hot temperature recordsare being set, and that the increased probability of hot temperature records can indeed be attributed to the human influence on the climate. In Europe especially, there is already a large body of literature that has looked at the role of human-caused climate change in heat extremes. In fact, the very first event attribution study, led by Peter Stott from the UK Met Office, found that human-caused climate change had at least doubled the likelihood of the infamous European heatwave of 2003. For all manner of heat extremes in Europe and elsewhere, including in Japan, a clear and discernible link with climate change has been made. Research has also shown that heat extremes similar to those witnessed over the past month or two are expected to become more common as global temperatures continue to climb. The world has so far had around 1℃ of global warming above pre-industrial levels, but at the global warming limits proposed in the Paris climate agreement, hot summers like that of 2003 in central Europe would be a common occurrence. At 2℃ of global warming, the higher of the two Paris targets, 2003-like hot summers would very likely happen in most years. Similarly, we know that heat exposureand heat-induced deaths in Europe will increase with global warming, even if we can limit this warming to the levels agreed in Paris. Haven't summers always been hot? For most parts of the world summers have got warmer, and the hottest summer on record is relatively recent — such as 2003 in parts of central Europe and 2010 in much of eastern Europe. One exception is central England, where the hottest summer remains 1976, although it may be challenged this year. While extreme hot summers and heatwaves did happen in the past, they were less common. One big difference as far as England is concerned is that its extreme 1976 heatwave was a global outlier, whereas this year's isn't. In 1976 north-western Europe had higher temperature anomalies than almost anywhere else on the globe. In June 2018 the same region was unusually warm, but so was most of the rest of the Northern Hemisphere. So while the persistent weather patterns are driving much of the extreme heat we're seeing across the Northern Hemisphere, we know that human-caused climate change is nudging the temperatures up and increasing the odds of new heat extremes. Andrew King is ARC DECRA fellow and Ben Henley is research fellow in Climate and Water Resources at the University of Melbourne. This article originally appeared on The Conversation. http://mobile.abc.net.au/news/2018-07-27/europe-heatwave-and-climate-change/10040604
  11. Fwiw I use to blend Alata somewhere in a 5 to 10 % range, (edit - when I was smoking baccy) better burn for sure and I didn't mind the flavour it imparted. Crap on its own no matter how dried and cured... Lol... Could never get a fix out of it. I've got a book on "natural native tobaccos" from a small press outfit in the states. I'll put the title up when I drag it off the shelf, may be of interest. Alata has a real presence at night in the garden....
  12. All you've established in this thread is your an argumentative, self-opinionated trolling bitch. You do come out with some funny ironic shit, because there's no science nor logic from your quarter. No doubt you get the same traction at home.... Where they build walls for fear of the sea... With good reason.
  13. (on hold) The Boy reminded me today helping repot some stuff I'm supposed to be scaling back cacti. Actually I think he's eyeing off real estate in the ghouse....which I'll foster....lol...has claimed dirt for spring start. Eileen bit over 30cm $30+post PM me up if keen.
  14. Nothing fancy, either sell or get grown on after my big tidy up... Lol. May be genetics of interest, $30/cut +post if tickled Short-spine Peru, SS02 x Juuls, Rod(t.pach), funky melty bit of Kai Edit- SS02 x Juuls is available, others have gone to good homes
  15. Da Fuck I miss this..... Excellent info It's hard to be on top of your game when ya feel in shit. Sometimes your gotta go with it and at other times grasp it and say Fuck it and take it back.....no matter how Rinse and repeat. Keep the fire burning....
  16. I can't right now as I'm really low and lost a heap I neglected. But I can once I dedicate some time to building up a heap of plants again
  17. @bardo Lol... That was to escape the Lego Marvel super heroes game
  18. Was gunna keep on with the rehab thread, but I'll put it to bed. So I got to the stage of having a gutfull a few weeks back.... so its "up your arse then.....effective immediately..." So I am currently unemployed, financial survival mode now...lol Something will eventuate. So to keep me occupied at times, entertain a few of you, maybe a discussion point or two , and a nice change from folk being cunts to each other I am gunna throw up some random piccies. EDIT - might stop me posting memes....lol
  19. fluff... School holiday project shaping up nicely, will need to cut him some longer bark to weatherproof it all sweet, and sneak some mud into the top... but he's done alright so far. I'll dig him out a fire hole for cooking and make a decent fire lay for heat today while he is off with some buddies today
  20. @bardo Didn't see this prior, If you dont get sorted mate theres 3 or 4 plants in this pot, previously sheep pruned a few times ... Lol. I was gonna divide it up, but it's on the wheneva I get to it list. Could also get a few fresh dried off cuttings up for post cost covered as well
  21. Winter Kanna experiment on some old material drying out, looks and smells right... Will see how it ends up. Tried a few tricks and fermentation time was similar to warmer months.
  22. Air dry, in sun. Bags are great for a few cones. Bulk can be done under corrugated iron on a tray. Beware cockatoos.... They'll bust open the cones if they've developed the taste. Check up on the species, many need stratification and some benefit from scarification. With patience you can raise a forest no probs. An extra 48hr soak in water prior to sowing, at around 10 degrees speeds up and gives a more consistent germination of radiata pine,if that's your species.