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Teotzlcoatl

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Everything posted by Teotzlcoatl

  1. ~ "Peyotes" and other Psychoactive or Medicinal Cacti ~ "True Peyote" ~Lophophora williamsii "Peyotes" ~Ariocarpus fissuratus; and other species ~Coryphantha compacta; and other species ~Pelecyphora aselliformis; strobiliformis "False Peyotes" ~Lophophora diffusa ~Ariocarpus retusus "Lost Peyotes"- ~Ariocarpus agavoides; kotschoubeyanus; and other species ~Astrophytum asterias; capricorne; myriostigma; and other species ~Aztekium ritterii; and other species ~Coryphantha elephantidens; macromeris (var. runyonii); palmeri; and other species ~Echinocactus grandis; grusonii; platyacanthus; visnaga; and other species ~Epithelantha micromeris; and other species ~Leuchtenbergia principis; and other species ~Lophophora decipiens; fricii; jourdaniana; koehresii; lutea (yellow flower); and other species ~Mammillaria craigii; grahamii (var. oliviae); heyderi; (Dolichothele) longimamma; (Solisia) pectinifera; (Mamillopsis) senilis; sonorensis; and other species ~Obregonia denegrii ~Strombocactus disciformis ~Turbinicarpus laui; lophophoroides; jauernigii; pseudomacrochele; (Pelecyphora) pseudopectinatus; schmiedickeanus; and other species Other North American Psychoactive or Medicinal Cacti- ~Carnegiea gigantea ~Echinocereus salm-dyckianus (var. scheeri); triglochidiatus; and other species ~Pachycereus pecten-aboriginum; pringlei "San Pedro"- ~Trichocereus bridgesii ( "Achuma" ) ~Trichocereus pachanoi; peruvianus; and other species Other South American Psychoactive or Medicinal Cacti- ~Armatocereus laetus ~Browningia (?) ~Epostoa lanata ~Matucana madisoniorum ~Neoraimondia macrostibas ~Trichocereus terscheckii; and other species Canadiates Hybridization with Lophophora species- ~Acharagma species ~Astrophytum species ~Aztekium species ~Coryphantha species ~Leuchtenbergia principis; and other species ~Lophophora species ~Mammillaria species ~Obregonia species ~Strombocactus species ~Turbinicarpus laui; lophophoroides; jauernigii; pseudomacrochele; and other species Canadiates for Ingestion- Ariocarpus species Aztekium species Coryphantha species Echinocereus species Epithelantha species Mammillaria species Obregonia species Pelecyphora species Strombocactus species Turbinicarpus species "Lost Peyotes" at the Corroboree Crossing Cacti "White Peyote" Lophophora decipiens var. brackii Trichocereus "True Blue" peruvianus Comments by Mr.Trout on "Lost Peyotes" Kie Ti' Koal's post at Edot Turbinicarpus Info Psychoactive Cacti of the New World Uses for Cacti Turbinicarpus "Lost Peyote"
  2. Teotzlcoatl

    Psychoactive Animals!

    Below is a list of animals which are psychoactive when ingested by humans (instead of animals which use psychoactives themselves). {Zoological Intoxicants & Medicines} ~ Psychoactive/Medicinal Animals & Insects- Amphibians & Reptiles- Bufo alvarius ~ “Colorado River Toad” or “Sonoran Desert Toad” Bufo marinus ~ "Cane Toad" Epipedobates tricolor ~ "Phantasmal Poison Frog" Hyla species ~ "Tree Frog" Leptodactylus species ~ "Ditch Frogs" Naja naja ~ "Indian Cobra" Ophiophagus hannah ~ "King Cobra" Phyllomedusa bicolor ~ “Sapo Frog” or “Giant Monkey Frog“ (“Kambo”) Rana species ~ "Common Frog" or “Pond Frog” (True Frogs) Rana temporaria ~ “European Common Brown Frog” Salamandra salamandra ~ "Fire Salamander" Marine Life- Abudefduf septemfasciatus ~ "Sergeant Magor" Epinephelus corallicola ~ "Grouperfish" Kyphosus cinerascens ~ "Bluefish" Kyphosus fuscus ~ "Dream Fish” Kyphosus vaigiensis ~ "Brass Breamfish" Mugil cephalus ~ "Flathead mullet" Mulloidichtys samoensis ~ "Golden Goatfish Neomyxus chaptali ~ "Mullet Fish" Saganus oramin ~ "Rabbitfish" Sarpa Salpa ~ ""Salema Porgy" Upeneus arge ~ "Goatfish" Urolophus jamaicensis ~ "Yellow Stingray" Insects- Apis mellifera ~ "Honey Bee" Cantharis vesicatoria ~ "Spanish Fly" Floria species ~ "Coca Larvae” Myelobia smerintha ~ "Bicho De Tacuara" (Bamboo-Worm) Phoneutria nigriventer ~ "Brazilian Wandering Spider" Pogonomyrmex californicus ~ "Red Harvester Ant" Other Animals (Other Organic Non-Botanical Psychoactives/Medicinals)- Aztec Psychoactive Bird ~ "Oconenetl" Giraffe ~ "Umm Nyolokh" (Liver and Bone) Some interesting notes about Psychoactive Animals- Links- http://www.erowid.org/animals/bee/bee_info1.shtml http://www.drugs-forum.com/forum/showthread.php?t=75139 http://www.salviasource.org/forum/psychoac...-psychoactives/ http://www.a1b2c3.com/drugs/var004.htm http://www.google.com/webhp?hl=en&tab=...f856a575d939ef4 http://www.erowid.org/animals/toads/toads.shtml http://www.dmt-nexus.com/forum/default.asp...sts&m=85052 http://drugsafetysite.com/herbs/animals/ http://www.greenexpander.com/2007/11/07/cr...-used-as-drugs/ http://www.tripzine.com/listing.php?smlid=646 http://www.x-sandra.com/valencic/valencic/salamander.htm http://www.cracked.com/article/81_6-animal...n-get-you-high/ http://www.grailtrail.ndo.co.uk/Grails/brandy.html http://blogs.riverfronttimes.com/dailyrft/...cobra_venom.php http://news.softpedia.com/news/How-to-Drug...nom-73246.shtml http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn...aulast=Varghese http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn...t=Varghese#ref4
  3. Teotzlcoatl

    Psychoactive Animals!

    Great info Seldom! Thank you!
  4. I wonder if these plants will ever get investigated. Due to me traveling a lot I can't keep these plants like I used to!
  5. Teotzlcoatl

    Psychoactive Flora & Fungi

    ~~~Psychoactive Flora & Fungi~~~ +This file lists many of the psychoactive botanicals which are generally know to be effective and relatively safe for use in altering consciousness. All the botanicals listed are either overtly psychoactive, have historical/cultural significance, or both. I’ve attempted to pinpoint the main species in order to keep it simple, but there may be related species in any given genera which may have similar effects. ~~~Psychoactive Flora & Fungi~~~ +This file lists many of the psychoactive botanicals which are generally know to be effective and relatively safe for use in altering consciousness. All the botanicals listed are either overtly psychoactive, have historical/cultural significance, or both. I’ve attempted to pinpoint the main species in order to keep it simple, but there may be related species in any given genera which may have similar effects.[/i] >>>Entheogens: Botanicals which produce entheogenic, psychedelic &/or hallucinogenic effects- *Amanita muscaria {var. muscaria} ~ “Fly Agaric” *Anadenanthera colubrine {var. cebil} & Anadenanthera peregrina {var. peregrina} ~ "Cebil" & "Yopo" *Argyreia nervosa {var. nervosa} ~ "Baby Woodrose” *Banisteriopsis caapi ~ “Ayahuasca” or “Yage” *Diplopterys cabrerana ~ "Chaliponga" or "Oco-Yagè" *Heimia salicifolia ~ "Sinicuichi" or "Sun Opener" *Ipomoea tricolor & Ipomoea violacea ~ “Morning Glory” or “Tlitliltzin" *Lophophora williamsii ~ “Peyote” or “Peyotl” *Mimosa tenuiflora (syn. hostilis) ~ "Jurema" *Panaeolus spp. & Psilocybe spp. ~ “Magic/Sacred Mushrooms” or “Teonanácatl" *Psychotria viridis ~ “Chacruna” *Salvia divinorum ~ “Diviner’s Sage“, "Ska Pastora" or "Yerba de la Pastora" *Tabernanthe iboga ~ “Iboga” or “Eboka” *Trichocereus (syn. Echinopsis) pachanoi & Trichocereus peruvianus ~ “San Pedro” & “Peruvian Torch” *Turbina (syn. Rivea) corymbosa ~ "Ololiúqui" or "Coaxihuitl" *Virola calophylla & Virola theiodora ~ "Epena" >>>Psychoactives: Botanicals which produce intoxication, inebriation, stimulation &/or other mind altering effects- *Acorus calamus ~ "Sweet Flag" *Albizia julibrissin ~ "Happiness Tree" or "Silk Tree" *Angelica archangelica ~ "Angelica" *Anthemis nobilis ~ "Roman Chamomile" or "Perennial Chamomile" *Arctostaphylos uva-ursi ~ "Bearberry" or “Kinnikinnick” *Areca catechu ~ "Betel Nut" *Argemone mexicana ~ "Prickly Poppy" or “Chicalote” *Artemisia absinthium & Artemisia vulgaris ~ "Wormwood" & “Mugwort” *Calea zacatechichi (syn. ternifolia) ~ “Thlepelakano” or "Bitter Grass" *Camellia sinensis ~ “Tea” or “Green Tea Plant” *Canarium commune ~ "Elemi" *Canavalia maritima ~ "Baybean" *Cannabis sativa ~ “Ganja” or “Marijuana” *Catha edulis ~ "Khat" *Cinnamomum camphora & Cinnamomum zeylanicum ~ "Camphor Laurel" & "Cinnamon" *Coffea arabica ~ "Coffee" *Cola acuminata & Cola nitida ~ "Cola Nut" *Commiphora myrrha ~ "Myrrh" *Corydalis yanhusuo ~ "Yan-Hu-Suo" or "Fumewort" *Crocus sativus ~ "Saffron" *Cypripedium species ~ "Lady's Slipper Orchid" *Duboisia hopwoodii ~ "Pituri" *Ephedra sinica ~ "Ma Huang” or “Joint-Fir/Pine” *Erythrina mulungu ~ "Mulungu" *Erythroxylum coca {var. coca; var. ipadu} & Erythroxylum novagranatense {var. novogranatense; var. truxilloensis} ~ "Coca” *Eschscholzia californica ~ "California Poppy" *Glaucium flavum ~ "Yellow Horned Poppy" *Gnaphalium obtusifolium ~ "Rabbit Tobacco" *Helichrysum foetidum ~ "Stinking Strawflower" *Humulus lupulus & Humulus japonicus ~ "Common Hop" & “Japanese Hop” *Hypericum perforatum ~ “St. John’s Wort” *Ilex guayusa, Ilex paraguariensis & Ilex vomitoria ~ “Guayusa”, "Yerba Mate" & “Yaupon” *Justicia pectoralis {var. stenophylla} ~ “Tilo” or “Mashi-Hiri” *Kaempferia galanga ~ “Galanga” *Lactuca virosa ~ "Opium Lettuce" or "Bitter/Wild Lettuce” *Lagochilus inebrians ~ "Inebriating Mint" *Ledum (syn. Rhododendron) palustre & Ledum groenlandicum ~ “Labrador Tea” *Leonotis leonurus ~ "Wild Dagga" *Leonurus cardiaca & Leonurus sibiricus ~ "Motherwort" & "Honeyweed" *Lobelia inflata ~ "Indian Tobacco" *Magnolia virginiana ~ "Sweet Magnolia" *Matricaria chamomilla ~ "Persian Chamomile" or "Annual Chamomile" *Melissa officinalis ~ "Lemon Balm" *Mirabilis multiflora ~ "Desert Four O'clock" or "Tsededeeh" *Mitragyna speciosa ~ "Kratom" *Monotropa uniflora ~ "Indian Pipe" or "Ghost Pipe" *Myristica fragrans ~ "Nutmeg" *Nelumbo nucifera ~ “Indian Sacred Lotus” or “Oriental Lotus” *Nepeta cataria ~ "Catnip" *Nicotiana tabacum & Nicotiana rustica ~ "Tobacco" or "Mapacho" *Nymphaea caerulea ~ "Egyptian Blue Lily" *Papaver somniferum ~ "Opium Poppy" *Passiflora incarnata ~ "Passionflower" *Paullinia cupana {var. sorbilis} ~ "Guaraná" *Pausinystalia (syn. Corynanthe) yohimbe ~ "Yohimbe" *Pedicularis spp. ~ "Lousewort" *Peganum harmala ~ "Harmal" or "Syrian Rue" *Piper methysticum {var. methysticum} ~ "Kava-Kava" *Psychotria colorata ~ "Tapiika'a" *Quararibea funebris ~ "Cacahuaxochitl" or "Flor de Cacao" *Rauwolfia serpentina ~ "Indian Snake-Root" or "Sarpagandha" *Rhodiola rosea ~ "Rose-Root" *Rhus glabra ~ "Red Sumac" or "Maw-ko-la" *Sceletium tortuosum ~ "Kanna" *Scutellaria species ~ "Skullcap" or "Scullcap" *Sida cordifolia & Sida rhombifolia ~ "Bala" or "Wireweed" *Silene capensis (syn. undulata) ~ "Ubulawu" or “???” *Tabernaemontana spp. ~ "Milkwood" *Tagetes lucida ~ "Mexican Tarragon" *Theobroma cacao ~ "Cacao" or “Chocolate” *Tilia cordata ~ "Little-leaf Linden" *Tribulus terrestris ~ "Gokshura" or "Tackweed" *Turnera diffusa var. aphrodisiaca ~ "Damiana" *Valeriana officinalis ~ "Valerian Root" *Verbascum species ~ "Mullein" *Verbena officinalis ~ "Vervain" *Voacanga africana ~ "O-Bonawa" or "Kongkong" *Withania somnifera ~ "Ashwagandha" *Zornia latifolia ~ "Maconha Brava" >>>Medicinals: Botanicals which have medicinal properties. These botanicals have a range of healing properties, but are not overtly psychoactive, yet may be mildly so- *Achillea millefolium ~ "Yarrow" *Acmella (syn. Spilanthes) oleracea ~ "Toothache Plant" or “Paracress” *Aloe vera ~ “Aloe” *Althaea officinalis ~ "Marshmallow" *Aspalathus linearis ~ "Rooibos" *Azadirachta indica ~ "Neem" *Borago officinalis ~ "Borage" or "Starflower" *Cinchona officinalis ~ "Quinine Bark" *Croton lechleri ~ "Sangre de Drago" or "Liquid Bandage" *Cyclopia species ~ "Honeybush" *Eleutherococcus senticosus ~ "Eleuthero Root" or "Shigoka" *Eryngium yuccifolium ~ "Button Snake-Root" or "Rattlesnake's Master" *Foeniculum vulgare ~ "Fennel" *Ganoderma lucidum ~ "Reishi Mushroom" *Gaultheria procumbens ~ "Wintergreen" *Gingko biloba ~ "Gingko" *Glycyrrhiza glabra ~ "Liquorice" *Heliopsis longipes ~ "Gold Root" *Hyssopus officinalis ~ "Hyssop" *Lepidium meyenii ~ "Maca" *Ligusticum porteri ~ "Osha" *Mentha species ~ "Mint" *Nigella sativa ~ "Black-Seed" *Panax ginseng ~ "Ginseng" *Polygala tenuifolia ~ "Yuan Zhi" or "Milkwort" *Polygonum multiflorum ~ “He Shou Wu” *Salix alba ~ "White Willow" *Salvia miltiorrhiza & Salvia spp. ~ "Dan Shen" & "Sage" *Sassafras albidum ~ "Sassafras" *Silybum marianum ~ "Milk Thistle" *Tynanthus panurensis ~ "Clavo-Huasca" *Uncaria tomentosa ~ "Uña de Gato" or "Cat's Claw" *Urtica dioica ~ "Stinging Nettle" *Zanthoxylum clava-herculis ~ "Southern Prickly Ash" or "Pepperwood" *Zingiber officinale ~ Ginger *Ziziphus zizyphus ~ "Jujube" or "Chinese Red Date" >>>Other Ethnobotanicals: Botanical oddities, strange flora or otherwise intriguing plants which do not fit into any of the other categories &/or may have no traditional usage- *Bixa orellana ~ "Achiote" or "Lipstick Tree" *Capsicum spp. ~ "Chilli Peppers" *Daturicarpa elliptica ~ "Spikefruit Datura-Iboga" *Dionaea muscipula ~ "Venus Flytrap" *Ficus religiosa ~ "Bodhi", "Bo-Tree" or "Sacred Fig" *Indigofera tinctoria ~ "Indigo" *Isatis tinctoria ~ "Woad" *Manilkara chicle ~ “Chicle” or “Tziktli" *Phyla (syn. Lippia) dulcis ~ "Aztec Honey Herb" *Roemeria refracta ~ "Ephedra Poppy" *Stevia rebaudiana ~ "Sweetleaf" *Synsepalum dulcificum ~ "Miracle Fruit" *Cymbopogon nardus & Cymbopogon winterianus & Pelargonium citrosum ~ "Citronella" *Castilla elastica & Hevea brasiliensis ~ "olicuáhuitl" & "Jebe Tree" or "Rubber Tree" *Carapichea/Cephalelis? (syn. Psychotria) ipecacuanha ~ "Ipecac" or "Ipecacuanha/I-pe-kaa-guéne"
  6. Teotzlcoatl

    Psychoactive Flora & Fungi

    I will update this list again soon!
  7. Teotzlcoatl

    "Sacred Holly" ~ The Ilex Genus

    ~ “Sacred Holly” - The Ilex Genus ~ *Ilex aquifolium ~ “European Holly” *Ilex cassine ~ “Dahoon Holly” *Ilex cornuta ~ “Chinese Holly” *Ilex glabra ~ “Bitter Gallberry”, “Inkberry“, "Appalachian Tea", "Evergreen Winterberry" *Ilex guayusa ~ “Guayusa” *Ilex kudingcha ~ "Kudingcha" or "Ku Ding Cha" *Ilex latifolia ~ "Lusterleaf Holly" or "Tarajo Holly" *Ilex macropoda ~ “日本語: アオハダ" or “Japanese ??? Holly” *Ilex opaca ~ “American Holly” *Ilex paraguariensis ~ “Yerba Mate” *Ilex pubescens ~ "Mao-Dōng-Qīng" *Ilex purpurea ~ "Dōng-Qīng" *Ilex rotunda ~ "Kurogane Holly" *Ilex tarapotina ~ “Té O’ Maté” *Ilex vomitoria ~ “Yaupon Holly” *Ilex yunnanensis ~ “Yunnan Holly” ~~~~~~~~~~Introduction~~~~~~~~~~ Since ancient times humans have known the Holly to contain magical, healing and sacred qualities. Hollies have been utilized by many different cultures throughout the world for various purposes, perhaps the most interesting relationship between plants of the Ilex genus and humanity is their usage as stimulants, in rituals and as purgatives. ~~~~~~~~~~Species of Interest~~~~~~~~~~ ***Ilex aquifolium ~ “European Holly”*** Ilex aquifloium is known as the “Common Holly”, the “European/English Holly” or sometimes “Christ’s Thorn”. The leaves of Ilex aquifloium have been employed in the Black Forest as a substitute for tea. Ilex aquifloium is little used in modern herbalism. The leaves are diaphoretic, expectorant, febrifuge and tonic. They can be use fresh at almost any time of the year or can be harvested in late spring and dried for later use. They are used in the treatment of intermittent fevers, rheumatism, catarrh, pleurisy etc. The juice of the fresh leaves has been successfully used in the treatment of jaundice. The berries are violently emetic and purgative. They have been used in the treatment of dropsy and as a powder they have been used as an astringent to check bleeding. The berries are semi-toxic, especially to children. The root has been used as a diuretic. ***Ilex cassine~ “Cassina”*** Ilex cassine (and/or Ilex dahoon) also known by the common name of “Dahoon Holly” is often confused with Ilex vomitoria or “Yaupon Holly”. It is improbable that Ilex cassine was ever utilized by Native Americans or European settlers even though some sources cite it’s usage, this is like due to early chroniclers confusing the Ilex cassine(“Dahoon Holly”) with the Ilex vomitoria (“Yaupon Holly”). There are reports of this plant being used as a soap, but it is doubtful that this plant is of any true ethnobotanical importance. I have only included it to distinguish it from Ilex vomitoria. Ilex cornuta ~ “Chinese Holly” Some Chinese herbalist may use it as a traditional medicine, the tea is supposedly a contraceptive for women. It is reputed that the berries are edible, but it is unknown if the fruit is truly safe if eaten. The Chinese use Ilex cornuta in a variety of ways, the bark, leaves and fruit are used in herbal medicine for their general tonic value as well as for diseases of the kidney. The seed oil is used in China for soap manufacturing and a dye and gum are extracted from the bark. The whole plant is aborficant, carminative, contraceptive, febrifuge and tonic. It particularly strengthens the back and knees. The leaf is made into a tea which is said to be contraceptive if used by women and is also used for termination pregnancies. The stem bark is tonic. The whole plant is used in the treatment of arthritis, recurring fever in pulmonary tuberculosis, tubercular lymph nodes, joint pained and lumbago. ***Ilex glabra ~ “Gallberry“, "Appalachian Tea”, “Inkberry" or “Evergreen Winterberry“*** Ilex glabra or "Gallberry" is a species of Holly native to the Eastern and the Southern United States and extreme southern portions of Canada. It’s leaves are prepared by drying, steaming or roasting (these processes are said to reduce any possible nausea). Ilex glabra is also collected by bees which produces a high quality, pleasant tasting honey. Historically it was used to treat fevers and may have other medicinal applications. Most report that this plant is caffeine free, but a few scattered references state that it contains small amounts of caffeine. ***Ilex guayusa ~ “Guayusa”*** Ilex guayusa, also know as “Guayusa” or “Wuayusa” is a Sacred Holly of South America, being native to the jungles of the Amazon. This tree is the source of the stimulant drink “Guayusa“. In the Ecuadorian Amazon it is taken to along with “Ayahuasca” (Banisteriopsis caapi) and is said to be drunk to "kill the bitter taste", "prevent hangover" and to “stay alert during the ceremony”. It is likewise said to "give strength to deal with Ayahuasca“. The tea is further stated to be efficacious for "stomach problems, and to have aphrodisiac properties." The native inhabitants of the region of Mocoa employ guayusa in decoction for numerous medicinal purposes: "pain in the liver", malarial fevers, syphilis and especially to calm stomach pains and to regulate faulty menstruation. A tea of leaves is used as a stimulant. Leaves of guayusa are still sold in markets as a tea and medicine. Except for its caffeine content, nothing further is known about the chemistry of the Amazonian species, but it seems to be highly complex containing many compounds in addition to caffeine which likely contribute to it’s medicinal properties. ***Ilex latifolia ~ "Lusterleaf Holly" or "Tarajo Holly"*** Ilex latifolia leaves are made into tea in Asia. The fruit and/or seed is used as a coffee substitute. Ilex latifolia also plays a lesser role in the production “Kudingcha Tea” Ilex macropoda ~ "日本語: アオハダ" or “Japanese ??? Holly” A tea is made from the leaves, little other information known. ***Ilex opaca ~ “American Holly”*** It is also reported that Ilex opaca was used as a tea substitute during the American Civil War. The berries are laxative, emetic and diuretic. They are used in the treatment of children's diarrhea, colic and indigestion. A tea made from the leaves has been used as a treatment for measles, colds etc. The leaves have also been used externally in the treatment of sore eyes, sore/bruises and itchy skin. A tea made from the bark was once used in the treatment of malaria and epilepsy. The roasted leaves can be used as a tea substitute, however they do not contain caffeine. ***Ilex kudingcha ~ "Kudingcha" or "Ku Ding Cha"*** Ilex kudingcha is used in Asia to produce a type of “Tea” known as “Kudingcha”, “Ku Ding Cha” or sometimes “Kudincha” ***Ilex paraguariensis ~ “Yerba Mate”*** The Ilex paraguariensis or "Yerba Mate" plant is native to native to subtropical South America in northeastern Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and southern Brazil.. It is a large shrub or small tree growing up to 15 meters tall. The leaves are evergreen, 7–11 cm long and 3–5.5 cm wide, with a serrated margin. The flowers are small, greenish-white, with four petals. The fruit is a red drupe 4–6 mm in diameter. It has been traditionally used for 1000s of years by the people of South America. Ilex paraguariensis is the most widely used Ilex species on Earth for human consumption, with 100s of 1000s of people drinking it each morning in South American and increasingly in the modern world. Harvest- Baron Ernst Von Bibra, in his famous classic “Plant Intoxicants” reports that there are “allegedly three kinds of Paraguayan tea… which are all prepared from the same leaves… under varying conditions, very different teas can be may be obtained from the same plant” with the harvesting, processing, climate and other conditions effecting what type is produced. Bibra continues in saying “”Caa-cuys‘, prepared from half-opened leaves, and hence similar to Chinese Imperial tea, is said not to keep well and is only used in Paraguay. “Caa-miri” is prepared by picking off the leaves, removing the leaf nerves, and then drying the leaves as indicated above. Finally, “Caa-puaza”, the third tea, is obtained from completely mature leaves that are immediately dried and roasted.” Ilex pubescens ~ "Mao-Dōng-Qīng" The root is anti-inflammatory, antitussive, depurative, expectorant and febrifuge. It causes a strong and persistent dilation of the blood vessels, increasing the blood flow to the coronary artery, lowering blood pressure and reducing oxygen consumption of the cardiac muscles. It is used in the treatment of Buerger's disease, angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction, tonsillitis, acute bronchitis with cough and sputum, hypertension. It has an antibacterial action against both gram positive and negative bacilli. The plant is vasodilator, hypertensive. It has been used successfully in the treatment of severe chest pains due to coronary problems. ***Ilex purpurea ~ "Dōng-Qīng"*** Ilex purpurea is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it is know as "Dōng-Qīng". It is reported to have anti-tumor properties. An extract of the leaves is made into a solution and used for treating burns, ulcers, etc. The ashes of the leaves are used as a dressing for skin ailments and poisoned wounds. Seed is carminative and tonic. ****Ilex rotunda ~ "Kurogane Holly"”*** The stem bark is detoxicant. The plant is used for its haemostatic action (sometimes combined with other botanicals). ***Ilex tarapotina ~ “Té O’ Maté”*** Ilex tarapotina is used in northern Peru to make a special type of “Maté” known as “Té O’ Maté” which is said to produce unknown, possibly inebriating effects. ***Ilex vomitoria ~ “Yaupon Holly” or “Black Drink”*** “Yaupon Holly” or Ilex vomitoria is a large shrub or small tree which grows along the coast of the South-Eastern USA. It has small green leaves with scalloped margins. “Yaupon” is evergreen and in the Fall it produces bright red berries which make a handsome plant when contrasting with the grey mottled bark and green leaf. In the wild Ilex vomitoria rarely grows more than 30 miles from the seashore. It likes to inhabit sandy dune hammocks near the coastline often growing in harsh conditions blow by winds and sprayed by salt. Since “Yaupon” is often used in landscaping many varieties, strains and cultivars exist, however the forms of ethnobotanical interest are two forms of Ilex vomitoria which are reputed to have the highest caffeine content : Ilex vomitoria “Weeping Holly” also known as Ilex vomitoria forma “Pendula” the other is??? “Yaupon” will grow in almost any type of soil available in the Southern United States, however, they prefer a well drained, sandy soil with a bit of organic matter. Plants with more nitrogen in the soil seem to produce more caffeine. Seeds should be removed from the berry before germination, note that “Yaupon” seeds may take up to 1-2 years to sprout in some cases, especially if the seeds are old. Like most shrubs and trees, it’s best to plant them in the Fall. Most Hollies require little watering once established, hand water seedlings and small plants. Ilex vomitoria is resistant to most pests, only “Leaf-Miner” and a rare few others could pose a threat. Harvest should not begin until the plant is well established, at least 3 years old, but ideally it should be around 7 years of age. “Yaupon” is a long term crop, requiring many years before peak production. Harvest in the spring when new young shoots sprout off the old growth. Ideally only small bright green leaf and thin tender branch tips should be harvested. Some say harvest is best in winter due to higher caffeine content, but this is unconfirmed. Dr. William A. Morrill PHD, wrote in the 1940s there are two main ways to make “Yaupon Tea”. The first is to boil the heat dried leaves, not steep the leaves like “Green Tea” (Camellia), but he said the best “Yaupon Holly Tea” was to use a mix of equal parts dry brown roasted leaf along with steamed green leaf. Both fermented and unfermented “green” forms of “Yaupon” have been used, it’s all mostly a matter of preference. ~~~History of “Yaupon”~~~ The history of the Sacred “Yaupon” Holly is ancient, obscure and mysterious possibly dating as far back as ???? B.C.E. or ???? Years ago! Many sources report that Ilex vomitoria and the “Yaupon Holly“ or "Black Drink" are still in use to a limited extent in the modern day as a beverage and medicine among inhabitants of the North Carolina coast and Outer Banks. It is said that "Yaupon Holly Tea" may still be found on the menus of some restaurants in the Outer Banks, however, the ritual use of the "Black Drink" seems to have completely died out with modern drinkers only using a mild brew as a tea-like beverage. Yet with subsequent expeditions to the Outer Banks over the past 3 years I have failed to produce any evidence what-so-ever that “Yaupon” is still used in any capacity at all. “Yaupon” is native to south-eastern North America occurring from Virginia south to Florida and west to Texas, yet small population of “Yaupon” is also said to grow in Chiapas, Mexico. It is unknown why this plant is so far away from other populations of “Yaupon“, could this be one of the Ilex vomitoria plantations transplanted by ancient Americans? ***Ilex yunnanensis ~ “Yunnan Holly”*** Ilex yunnanensis also know as “Yunnan Holly” is employed in parts of Asia, a variety called Ilex yunnanensis var. eciliata is used along the boarder of China and Tibet as a Tea substitute.
  8. Teotzlcoatl

    "Sacred Holly" ~ The Ilex Genus

    Let me know if you ever try it!
  9. Teotzlcoatl

    "Sacred Holly" ~ The Ilex Genus

    Awesome! Have you tried preparing it into a drink? Or growing it?
  10. Teotzlcoatl

    "Sacred Holly" ~ The Ilex Genus

    I am really interested in finding Ilex kudingcha seeds.... but this seems very difficult.
  11. Teotzlcoatl

    Lophophora Fricii "Liz"

    Beautiful plant! I wonder if it's still around out there?
  12. Teotzlcoatl

    Is this site dying out ?

    that's true discostu it is one of the only aussie sites, i just think its the best so id like to see it active and widely known!
  13. Teotzlcoatl

    Is this site dying out ?

    ya maybe make it slightly less Aussiestraliocentric (:P)? to me this is the best ethnobotany forum online... what do y'all think? if it's not this one then which?
  14. Teotzlcoatl

    Is this site dying out ?

    sounds like a decent idea
  15. Why is it called " var. mammillaris"?
  16. Teotzlcoatl

    Deleting albums

    ive got a gallery i want to delete too, how do i do it?
  17. Teotzlcoatl

    Crossing Cacti

    Anybody ever thought of crossing Turbinicarpus pseudomacrochele or T. pseudopectinatus with Lophophora williamsii? I know some Turbinicarpus have been crossed with Lophophora.... Anybody ever try the crossing it with the two supposedly psychoactive Turbinicarpus cacti?
  18. Teotzlcoatl

    Excerpts on Pituri

    I find this plant extremely interesting! Any idea if I could obtain seeds? I would like to grow it and make a snuff out of it.
  19. Teotzlcoatl

    Favourite Ethnobotany related books?

    "One River" is my favorite book of all time! Anything by Wade Davis is good and his two books about the Haitian zombie is pretty interesting. Also Snu's "Garden of Eden" is top notch! "ethnobotany evolution of a discipline" is another favorite.
  20. Teotzlcoatl

    Best books/authors for psychic adventures

    Nice thread! <3
  21. Teotzlcoatl

    Is this site dying out ?

    How can we get more traffic on the o
  22. Teotzlcoatl

    South America Questions about Ethnobotany

    Interesting link Mr.Smith! Thanks!
  23. We have returned... :wink:

    1. Show previous comments  2 more
    2. Nezahualcoyotl

      Nezahualcoyotl

      BROTHER! (Liquid Snake voice)

    3. Teotzlcoatl

      Teotzlcoatl

      BROTHER! (Solid Snake voice)

    4. Teotzlcoatl

      Teotzlcoatl

      BROTHER! (Solidus Snake Voice)

  24. I still have many of the plants growing but I haven't done too much testing since I began traveling. Hope you are all well.
  25. Teotzlcoatl

    "White Peyote"

    From Wiki-
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